Nina Hagen, New York, New York:
Klaus Nomi, Lightning Strikes:
Okay, okay, Berlin wasn't from Germany... but I'll bet I had you wondering, right?
A Bright Moon Impact
1 day ago
Minutes of the Volcano Watch group's annual meeting, held in New Zealand in 2007, note: "There is no definition of a safe concentration of ash for different aircraft ... In order to give a reliable and justifiable all-clear, once a plume has dispersed enough to be undetectable, clear limits of ash content are required from both the manufacturers and aviation licensing authorities." It acknowledged that establishing a safe lower limit was a "difficult and longstanding problem".(...)
A working paper, published by the group after the meeting, warned that airspace shutdowns were likely. It stated: "As remote sensing techniques improve, it is likely that the aggregate areas where ash is sensed or inferred will increase, possibly leading to over-warning for ash and cost-blowouts for airlines."
The following year's meeting examined problems with the monitoring of Iceland's volcanoes. It considered a proposal from the Iceland Meteorological Organisation for a second "Doppler weather radar in the eastern part of the country to assist in monitoring the volcanic eruption activity in that area".So the way I read this is that the airline industry has been warned repeatedly for years that large-scale airspace closure resulting from volcanism in Iceland was a real possibility, but the warning wasn't taken seriously enough to participate in developing robust safety guidelines for dealing with that potential. So I have plenty of sympathy for the stranded passengers, who are only now reaching their destinations or returning home. But I have reasonably close to none for multi-billionaire Richard Branson, who is quoted in the article as saying,
The minutes noted "such eruptions could have a major impact on aircraft operations over the NAT [north Atlantic] regions since Icelandic volcanoes were situated close to important air routes". However, the meeting concluded that the proposal required a scientific evaluation which it could not authorise.
The group's fifth meeting, held this year in Chile two weeks before the Icelandic eruption, invited the aircraft manufacturers to discuss what might constitute safe ash levels. However, the minutes reveal: "IATA informed the group about the strong efforts made in order to get representation from the industry at the workshop but unfortunately these efforts had not been successful."
"All the experts were telling us there was no danger," Branson said. "There were plenty of corridors through which the airlines could have flown which would have been quite safe."That's right, Sir Dick: As long as meat and metal aren't falling out of the sky, we can dodge and weave through those ash clouds. Then when they do start falling, we can just blame the government and regulators for not telling us to stop flying.
Branson added: "A blanket ban of the whole of Europe was not the right decision. The first few days the ash was up at 35,000ft, the planes could have flown below 35,000ft. There were plenty of ways of dealing with it. But actually planes have to put up with sandstorms in Africa; the engines are designed to put up with a lot more than existed."
The former Alaska governor is slated to give a speech to an audience of 750 people who paid $250 apiece to attend the Lane County Republican Party’s Lincoln Day Dinner at the Hilton Eugene.You Betcha.
She’s also to take part in a sold-out private reception for 72 people who paid $1,000 each for a chance to mingle with the 2008 Republican vice presidential nominee, pose with her for a photograph, and walk out with an autographed copy of her book.
Those attending the less costly dinner or a $100-per-person viewing on closed-circuit television won’t have the opportunity to take a keepsake snapshot of Palin, let alone pose with her for a photo.
That’s because the Lane County Republican Central Committee is banning cameras, as well as recording equipment.
NCCJ once sponsored a week-long National Brotherhood Week, held generally during the third week of February from the 1940s through the 1980s.Wonderfully, by the 1980's we had resolved all of our racial and cultural bigotry, and National Brotherhood Week became an anachronism... no one could comprehend why it had ever been necessary or desirable in the first place. There is currently a fringe group called "Teabaggers" who are committed to seeing this tradition re-instituted, but I doubt the issue will get the attention it deserves. In 1964, Tom Leher wrote and performed a song reflecting his attitude toward the observance. (This version was recorded in 1967.)
When you think of a volcano, you think of Hawaii and long words like that. You don't think of Iceland, you think it's too cold to have a volcano there. But nooooo, there it is.
By the measure of the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) – a sort-of Richter scale for eruptions – the current outburst is probably a 2 or a 3, experts say. In other words, eruptions like Eyjafjallajökull happen virtually every year somewhere in the world.There are several points in this article that I really appreciate. First, they are objectively ranking the eruptions on a standard criterion. As a result, Mount St. Helens, which almost always makes these lists, isn't even mentioned. It may be the most famous eruption in the US, volcanologists learned a tremendous amount from that eruption, and it certainly influenced my academic direction, but as volcanoes go, it just wasn't that big.
The biggest eruption of the past millennium, by contrast, was a 7. Given that each number on the scale represents an eruption 10 times more powerful than the previous, that means Eyjafjallajökull is 10,000 times less powerful than one in Indonesia's Sunda Islands in 1815.
Santa MariaWell done, CSM!
Oct. 24, 1902
The least powerful of the VEI 6 eruptions recorded since the beginning of the 1700s, the Santa Maria eruption hit the Pacific coast of Guatemala. The 1902 eruption was the first in the recorded history of the mountain, spewing ash that was detected as far away as San Francisco.
1) Although it is not mentioned in any of the Gospels, Jesus could balance a 747 on top of his head..
It was recently theorized that all New Yorker cartoons could be captioned
with “Christ, what an asshole” without compromising their comedic value.
I discovered this is true of virtually all comics, old and new.